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ISPN考试模拟试题(497)

Question:

Allopurinol (Zyloprim) is prescribed for a client who has chronic gout. Which of the following comments indicates that the client understands how to take the allopurinol? 

1. “I will take the medication whenever my joints hurt.” 

2. “I must take this drug on an empty stomach.” 

3. “I should drink plenty of fluids when taking allopurinol.” 

4. “I should not take aspirin when taking allopurinol.”

 

It is important that the client force fluids to 3,000 mL/day to avoid the development of renal calculi when taking allopurinol. Allopurinol must be taken consistently to be effective in the treatment of gout. The drug should be taken after meals to avoid gastrointestinal distress. Although the client can take aspirin when taking allopurinol, both drugs can cause gastrointestinal irritationand the practice is not recommended if the client is sensitive to the medications. 

CN: Pharmacological and parenteral therapies; CL: Evaluate

Answer:3

翻译

 

问题:

别嘌呤醇(Zyloprim)是为患有慢性痛风的病人开的处方。以下哪项评论表明病人了解如何服用别嘌呤醇?

1. “每当我的关节痛的时候,我就会吃药。

2. “我必须空腹服用这种药。

3. “服用别嘌呤醇时,我应该多喝水。

4. “服用别嘌呤醇时,我不应该服用阿司匹林。

 

答案:3

在服用别嘌呤醇时,重要的是病人每天强制补液3000毫升,以避免肾结石的发生。别嘌呤醇必须持续服用才能有效治疗痛风。这种药应该在饭后服用,以避免肠胃不适。尽管病人在服用别嘌呤醇时可以服用阿司匹林,但这两种药物都会引起胃肠道刺激,如果病人对药物敏感,则不建议这样做。

CN:药理学和肠外疗法;CL:评估

小编寄语:Be grateful for everything, be brave to be yourself and time will tell you why.感恩一切并勇敢做自己,时间会告诉你为什么。

时间:2021/4/23 14:53:18
 
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