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ISPN考试模拟试题(462)

Question:

After teaching a mother about the neonate’s positive Babinski’s reflex, the nurse determines that the mother understands the instructions when she says that a positive Babinski’s reflex indicates: 

1. Possible partial paralysis. 

2. Possible lower limb defect. 

3. Immature central nervous system. 

4. Possible injury to nerves that innervate the legs.

 

 

A positive Babinski’s reflex in a neonate is a normal finding demonstrating the immaturity of the central nervous system in corticospinal pathways. A neonate’s muscle coordination is immature, but the Babinski’s reflex does not help determine this immaturity. A positive Babinski’s reflex does not indicate a defect in the spinal cord or an injury to nerves that innervate the legs. There is no evidence to suggest partial paralysis. A positive Babinski’s reflex in an adult indicates disease. 

CN: Health promotion and maintenance; CL: Evaluate

Answer:3

 

翻译

问题:

在向母亲传授新生儿巴宾斯基反射阳性的知识后,当母亲说巴宾斯基反射阳性表示:

1.可能是局部瘫痪。

2.可能是下肢缺陷。

3.未成熟的中枢神经系统。

4.腿部神经可能受到损伤。

 

答案:3

新生儿巴宾斯基反射阳性是中枢神经系统在皮质-脊髓通路中的不成熟的正常表现。新生儿的肌肉协调能力是不成熟的,但巴宾斯基反射不能帮助确定这种不成熟。巴宾斯基反射阳性并不表示脊髓有缺陷或腿部神经有损伤。没有证据表明局部瘫痪。成人巴宾斯基反射阳性表明有疾病。

CN:健康促进与维护;CL:评估

小编寄语:There are three things in life that cannot be retained: life time and love, so what we can do is to cherish.人生有三样东西是无法挽留的:生命时间和爱,所以我们能做的就是珍惜。

时间:2021/2/23 16:07:18
 
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