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ISPN考试模拟试题(459)

Question:

The nurse asks the client to sign a consent form before undergoing surgery. The client cannot state the risks of the surgical procedure. Which of the following statements by the nurse is most appropriate? 

1. “What are your concerns? I can answer any questions that you have.”

2. “You can go ahead and sign the form. I will be sure to tell the surgeon you have questions.” 

3. “It is important that your questions are answered and you understand the risks before you consent to the procedure. I will contact the surgeon.” 

4. “Actually, the risks associated with this procedure are minimal. The surgeon has performed this surgery many times.”

 

 

The client must have adequate disclosure of the risks associated with the surgery before signing the consent form. It is the physician’s responsibility to explain the risks of any procedures and to obtain the client’s informed consent. If the nurse suspects that the client has not been truly informed, it is the responsibility of the nurse to act as a client advocate and contact the surgeon to provide additional information to the client. It is not appropriate to have the client sign the consent form if the client has questions. The nurse should not minimize the procedure or dismiss the client’s concerns. 

CN: Management of care; CL: Synthesize

Answer:3

 

翻译

问题:

护士要求病人在手术前签署同意书。病人不能陈述手术的风险。护士以下哪项陈述最合适?

1.“你担心什么?我可以回答你的任何问题。

2.“你可以在表格上签字。我一定会告诉外科医生你有问题。

3.“在你同意手术之前,回答你的问题并了解风险是很重要的。我会联系外科医生的。

4.“实际上,这种手术的风险很小。外科医生做过很多次这种手术。

 

 

答案:3

在签署同意书之前,病人必须充分了解与手术相关的风险。医生有责任解释任何手术的风险,并获得病人的知情同意。如果护士怀疑病人没有被真正告知,护士有责任为病人辩护,联系外科医生向委托人提供额外的信息。如果病人有疑问,让病人签署同意书是不合适的。护士不应轻视手术或忽视病人的顾虑。

CN:护理管理;CL:综合

小编寄语:If you look the right way, you can see that the whole world is a garden.如果欣赏的角度对了,你会发现整个世界都是花园。

时间:2021/2/19 15:07:51
 
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