When preparing the teaching plan for a client about lithium therapy, the nurse should teach the client about:
1. Maintaining an adequate sodium intake.
2. Discontinuing sodium in the diet.
3. Buying foods labeled “low in sodium.”
4. Increasing sodium in the diet.
The nurse would teach the client taking lithium and his family about the importance of maintaining adequate sodium intake to prevent lithium toxicity. Because lithium is a salt, reduced sodium intake could result in lithium retention with subsequent toxicity. Increasing sodium in the diet is not recommended and may be harmful. Increased sodium levels result in lower lithium levels. Therefore, the drug may not reach therapeutic effectiveness.
CN: Pharmacological and parenteral therapies; CL: Synthesize
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