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ISPN考试模拟试题(453)

Question:

A client who is allergic to penicillin has a prescription to receive cefazolin (Ancef). The nurse’s initial response is to: 

1. Ask if the client has taken cefazolin before. 

2. Consult with the physician or a clinical pharmacist. 

3. Administer cefazolin immediately. 

4. Observe the client closely for urticaria.

 

 

A client who has an allergy to penicillin may have a cross-sensitivity to cefazolin (Ancef), a first-generation cephalosporin, and the drug should be given with caution. The nurse should ask the client whether he has taken cefazolin before. The nurse should inform the pharmacy of the client’s allergy after asking the client about prior use of cefazolin. The medication should not be administered until the nurse first inquires about the client’s exposure to cefazolin and then consults the pharmacist or physician. Observing the client for urticaria is appropriate but is not an initial response. 

CN: Safety and infection control; CL: Synthesize

Answer:1

 

翻译

 

问题:

给青霉素过敏的病人开头孢唑林处方。护士的第一反应是:

1.询问病人是否服用过头孢唑啉。

2.咨询医生或临床药剂师。

3.立即给头孢唑啉。

4.密切观察病人有无荨麻疹。

 

答案:1

对青霉素过敏的病人可能对第一代头孢菌素头孢唑林(antef)交叉敏感,应谨慎用药。护士应询问病人是否服用过头孢唑林。护士在询问病人之前使用头孢唑林的情况后,应将病人的过敏情况告知药房。在护士首先询问病人接触头孢唑林的情况,然后咨询药剂师或医生之后,才可以给药。观察病人的荨麻疹是适当的,但不是第一反应。

CN:安全和感染控制;CL:合成

小编寄语:The world does not show favorities to anyone who gets something for nothing, and of course it will not disappoint anyone who works hard in silence.这个世界不会偏爱任何一个不劳而获的人,当然它也不会辜负任何一个默默努力的人。

时间:2021/2/2 10:04:57
 
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