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ISPN考试模拟试题(447)

Question:

A 19-year-old unmarried college student who is approximately 8 weeks pregnant asks the nurse, “If I have an abortion in the next 2 or 3 weeks, how will it be done?” The nurse instructs the client that at this gestational age, an abortion is usually performed by which of the following techniques? 

1. Dilatation and curettage. 

2. Menstrual extraction. 

3. Dilatation and vacuum extraction. 

4. Saline induction.

 

When the gestation is less than 13 weeks, an elective abortion is usually performed by the dilatation and curettage method. Menstrual extraction, or suction evacuation, is the easiest method, but it is used only when the client is between 5 and 7 weeks’ gestation. Dilatation and vacuum extraction is used when clients are between 12 and 16 weeks’ gestation. Saline induction, used forclients between 16 and 24 weeks’ gestation, involves instillation of a hypertonic saline solution into the amniotic sac to initiate expulsion. Oxytocin infusion may also be used with saline induction. 

CN: Health promotion and maintenance; CL: Apply

Answer:1

 

翻译

 

问题:

一个19岁的未婚大学生怀孕大约8周,她问护士:如果我在2周或3周内堕胎,怎么做?护士告诉病人,在这个胎龄,堕胎通常是通过以下哪种技术进行的?

1.扩张宫颈和刮宫术

2.月经提取。

3.扩张宫颈和真空抽取。

4.盐水诱导。

 

答案:1

当妊娠不足13周时,通常采用刮宫法进行选择性流产。月经提取,或抽吸排空,是最简单的方法,但只在妊娠57周时使用。当病人怀孕1216周时,可以使用扩张宫颈和真空抽吸术。生理盐水诱导法,适用于妊娠1624周的病人,包括向羊膜囊内滴入高渗生理盐水以开始排出。催产素输注也可与生理盐水诱导一起使用。

CN:健康促进与维护;CL:应用

小编寄语:There are so many people and things in this world that will let you down, and the last thing you should do is let yourself down.这世界已经有很多人和事会让你失望,而最不应该的,就是自己还令自己失望。

时间:2021/1/25 10:46:19
 
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