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ISPN考试模拟试题(六)

ISPN模拟试题(六)

Questions:
1.What definition of battery should the nurse include in the teaching?

A. Maligning a person’s character while threatening to do bodily harm

B. A legal wrong committed by one person against property of another

C. The application of force to another person without lawful justification

D. Behaving in a way that a reasonable person with the same education would not


2. A toddler screams and cries noisily after parental visits, disturbing all the other children. When the crying is particularly loud and prolonged, the nurse puts the crib in a separate room and closes the door. 

The toddler is left there until the crying ceases, a matter of 30 or 45 minutes. Legally, how should this behavior be interpreted?

A. Limits had to be set to control the child’s crying.

B. The child had a right to remain in the room with the other children.

C. The child had to be removed because the other children needed to be considered.

D. Segregation of the child for more than half an hour was too long a period of time.


3. A pregnant woman is admitted with a tentative diagnosis of placenta previa.The nurse implements orders to start an IV infusion, administer oxygen, and draw blood for laboratory tests. 

The client’s apprehension is increasing, and she asks the nurse what is happening.The nurse tells her not to worry,that she is going to be all right,and that everything is under control. What is the best interpretation of the nurse’s statement?

A.Adequate, because the preparations are routine and need no explanation

B.Effective, because the client’s anxieties would increase if she knew the danger involved

C.Questionable, because the client has the right to know what treatment is being given and why

D.Incorrect, because only the health care provider should offer assurances about management of care


4. What should the nurse do initially when obtaining consent for surgery?

A. Describe the risks involved in the surgery.

B. Explain that obtaining the signature is routine for any surgery.

C. Witness the client’s signature, which the nurse’s signature will document.

D. Determine whether the client’s knowledge level is sufficient to give consent.

Rationales

1.C

Battery means touching in an offensive manner or actually injuring another person.

A,Battery refers to actual bodily harm rather than threats of physical or psychologic harm.

B,Battery refers to harm against persons instead of property.

D,This is the definition of negligence.

Client Need: Management of Care; 

Cognitive Level: Comprehension;

Integrated Process: Teaching/Learning; 

Nursing Process:Planning/Implementation; 

Reference: Ch 2, Torts and Crimes Important to Nurses


2. B

Legally,a person cannot be locked in a room (isolated)unless there is a threat of danger either to the self or to others.

A,Limit setting in this situation is not warranted.This is a reaction to separation from the parent, which is common at this age.

C,Crying, although irritating, will not harm the other children.

D, A child should never be isolated.

Client Need: Management of Care; 

Cognitive Level: Application; 

Nursing Process: Evaluation/Outcomes; 

Reference: Ch 2, Torts and Crimes Important to Nurses


3.C

The client’s rights have been violated.All clients have the right to a complete and accurate explanation of treatment based on cognitive ability.

A,All interventions should be explained because they are not routine to the client.

B,When administering treatment,the nurse is responsible for explaining what the treatment is and why it is being given.

D,The Patient Care Partnership (The Patient’s Bill of Rights) states that the client should be informed.

Client Need: Management of Care;

Cognitive Level: Comprehension; 

Nursing Process:Evaluation/Outcomes; 

Reference: Ch 2, Clients’ Rights


4. D

Informed consent means the client must comprehend the surgery,the alternatives,and the consequences.

A,This description is not within nursing’s domain.

B,Although this is true, it does not determine the client’s ability to give informed consent.

C,Although this is true, the nurse should first assess the client’s knowledge of the surgery.

Client Need: Management of Care; 

Cognitive Level: Application; 

Integrated Process: Communication/Documentation; 

Nursing Process:Evaluation/Outcomes; 

Reference: Ch 2, Clients’ Rights

小编寄语:越努力,越幸运!Fighting!


 

时间:2019-05-07 14:58:50
 
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